Principles of Assessment

How the Calvary University assessment system works

A student's passmark is determined by assessing his or her abilities in a range of aspects which include knowledge, skills and attitude. This is not done in a final examn setup but rather throughout the year and also in the practical environment of the church or at work.

Continuous Assessment

CLT follows the continuous assessment approach in its curriculum and has designed its learning programmes around continuous assessment principles.

Continuous assessment is an ongoing process that tracks and measures a student's achievements during the programme. Through regular assessments of performance it provides information that is used to support a student's development, enabling improvements to be made in the learning process.

Assessment is used not only as a final form of evaluation but is integral to the teaching and learning process, i.e. assessments are formative (during learning) and summative (final).

Formative Assessment

Formative assessment refers to assessment that takes place during the learning process and directs the learner’s progress towards set learning objectives. Formative assessment is developmental in nature and is characterised by the following:

Summative Assessment

Summative assessment evaluates achievement and determines whether specific learning objectives were reached. Summative assessment determines the level of competency and is conducted after the student has completed sections of a learning programme or course.

Therefore, summative assessment is not confined to a written test or examination at the end of a year or semester, which can only assess a sample of learning within a limited time (e.g. 3 hours). By continuously using a range of methods and instruments, evidence can be collected from a variety of sources.

The satisfactory results of assessment indicate the successful completion of a course or programme, and make a clear declaration of competence. Credit is then given, recorded and reported.

Assessment System

Learners will be assessed by means of a multifaceted summative assessment system. The weights assigned to the different assessment activities are unique to each programme. Below are the weights assigned to the assessment activities in most of the programmes of the Certificate and Diploma levels:

Assessment % Weights
Tests  (35% of final grade)
Assignments  (35% of final grade)
Practical  (20% of final grade)
Experience  (10% of final grade)

An assessment software programme linked to the Calvary Academics Platform CAP will automatically mark the scheduled tests. Written assignments, tasks, group work and the work file are marked by the academic tutor using electronic marking schedules.


The purpose of a test is to assess the retention of factual information, understanding, insight or ability to reason, developed by the student as a result of understanding a particular portion of the course.


The purpose of an assignment is to teach the student the art of academic writing and to integrate multiple academic and practical skills. An assignment may be an article, report or essay through which the ability to integrate academic knowledge is demonstrated.


The purpose of practical tasks as a learning activity is to integrate multiple academic and practical skills by acquiring the arts of oral communication and practical academic work.

Experience and Workfile

Experience assesses the student’s abilities and skills to work effectively with others as a member of a ministry team, group, church organisation or mission community, and to integrate all main aspects of learning in a real ministry environment.
It is expected that our students keep a workfile in which to work out objectives, review questions, tasks, assignments or any other instructions. This is written proof of work done by the student in private study and the content of the workfile can be used as extra proof.

Grade Levels Information

Pass Requirements

A final mark of 60% is the pass mark for all graduate courses. However, a sub minimum of 50% must be obtained in each assessment. If less than 50% is obtained in a particular assessment, but the final average mark is higher than 60%, it is still a failure and the failed assessment must be taken again.

Note: This is the benchmark. Some courses, programmes or faculties may differ from this for specific reasons.

Cum Laude Awards

A Cum Laude can be obtained by attaining a final mark of 80% or more. However, a distinction is only awarded for the first attempt at the course.